1963-64 Chrysler Turbine Car The jet age of the 1950s and 1960s had a lot of influence on the auto industry. The finned rear ends of many cars—such as the 1957 Chevrolet Bel Air, 1959 Cadillac Eldorado, and 1958 Plymouth Fury—reflect the interest in space rockets, jet airplanes, and other forms of new-age, sky-riding transportation. However, those famous cars were designed only to look like the popular space-age vehicles of the time; they still relied on the traditional piston-pumping internal-combustion engine. Several vehicles did include jet technology as a form of propulsion, but only one made it into the hands of consumers: the 1963-64 Chrysler Turbine Car. A turbine engine, similar to those found in jet aircraft, powered the Chrysler Turbine Car. It put out 130 horsepower and 450 pound-feet of torque. It was connected to a modified version of Chrysler’s TorqueFlite 3-speed automatic transmission, though sans a torque converter because the secondary turbine fan … [Read more...] about 1963-64 Chrysler Turbine Car: Real-World Walk-around
Efficiency jet turbine
Gas turbine engines come in many shapes and sizes. One type discussed in How turbine engines work includes a normal "jet" engine on an airplane. The hot gases produced by the burning fuel drive vanes in exactly the same way that wind turns a windmill. The vanes connect to a shaft that also spins the turbine's compressor. Another type of gas turbine engine, popular in tanks and helicopters, has one set of vanes for driving the compressor, as well as a separate set of vanes that drive the output shaft. In both of these types of engines, you need to get the main shaft spinning to start the engine. This starting process normally uses an electric motor to spin the main turbine shaft. The motor is bolted to the outside of the engine and uses a shaft and gears to connect to the main shaft. The electric motor spins the main shaft until there is enough air blowing through the compressor and the combustion chamber to light the engine. Fuel starts flowing and an igniter similar to a spark plug … [Read more...] about How do they start jet engines on airplanes?
The Aeroscraft actually aloft Aeros A class of aircraft is rising from the near-dead. The Aeroscraft ML866, which entered production in early September, is poised to be the world's largest aircraft — and it's a dirigible. If the term is unfamiliar, it's probably because many people incorrectly refer to all dirigibles as blimps. It also could be because dirigibles all but disappeared after 1937, when the Hindenburg caught fire and crashed in New Jersey, killing 36 people. May 15, 1936: The Hindenburg rests in Frankfurt after completing a record flight of 48 hours in the air, May 15, 1936. Corbis Dirigibles, or airships, are any powered, steerable, lighter-than-air aircraft. They achieve lift via inflation with gases that are more buoyant than air, and they come in three types: 1. The blimp, which has no internal structure and maintains its shape only through inflation (like a balloon, but not a hot air balloon, which you can't steer. 2. The semi-rigid … [Read more...] about Dirigibles: Bobbing Along Toward a Comeback
The MTT Turbine Streetfighter is one of the fastest motorcycles in the world. Supermac1961/Wikimedia Need to get there faster? Consider one of these record-busting motorcycles. Just don't tell highway patrol we sent you. Two of the fastest motorcycles in the world come from a company that normally makes jet turbine engines. MTT stands for Marine Turbine Technologies, a Louisiana-based turbine manufacturer. The MTT Turbine Y2K Superbike, introduced in 1998 and discontinued in 2005, has some pretty impressive specs. It offers 320 horsepower and 425 pounds-foot (lb-ft) of torque from its jet turbine engine, and its top recorded speed — achieved on an airport runway — is 227 mph [source: Tsantilas]. Another of MTT's models, the Turbine Streetfighter, offers the same engine as the Y2K superbike, but an optional upgrade boosts the approximate horsepower and torque numbers to 542 and 450, respectively. And that's good for at least 233.7 mph, based on its best recorded run … [Read more...] about What is the world’s fastest motorcycle?
Internal combustion means just what it says: that fuel is burned inside the engine. In a car engine, gasoline is burned inside the engine, which ignites the fuel and releases energy that moves the car. There are also other methods of internal combustion, such as diesel engines and gas turbine engines. Internal combustion is an efficient system that requires a relatively small engine to create motion. It is also more fuel efficient than external combustion engines, such as an old-fashioned steam engine. Gasoline engines used to be as inefficient as steam engines. In 1876 the gasoline engine was invented and it was no more efficient than the steam engine, which used external combustion. A lot of fuel was wasted. In 1878, Rudolph Diesel decided to develop an engine with higher efficiency, and in 1892 the diesel engine was born. It was more efficient as an internal combustion engine, but it took many more years to develop a diesel engine that was cleaner and quieter. Early diesel … [Read more...] about What are the types of internal combustion engines?