When the 1960s rolled around, all of a sudden every single assumption anyone ever had was open to debate: Who says those guys can’t vote? Who says that particular half of the population has to stay home and raise babies? Who says race cars have to be powered by piston engines mounted in the front? Racing at Indianapolis was one of the many apple carts overturned by the tumult of that decade. First, the engines shifted to the back, behind the driver. Then, the whole idea of internal combustion got a rethinking. Why, for instance, did power have to come from pistons thwack-thwack-thwacking up and down in a line? Why not try something completely different? Only a few short years after the rear-engine revolution at Indy, along came Andy Granatelli, STP and Pratt & Whitney to upset the whole apple cart again with the gas turbine, a massive side pod of a goiter slung onto the car next to the driver like a gargantuan, 171-mph sausage delivery wagon. Granatelli Turbine IndyCar … [Read more...] about We drive the Granatelli STP Turbine Indy car!
Mig 29 rc jet turbine
1963-64 Chrysler Turbine Car The jet age of the 1950s and 1960s had a lot of influence on the auto industry. The finned rear ends of many cars—such as the 1957 Chevrolet Bel Air, 1959 Cadillac Eldorado, and 1958 Plymouth Fury—reflect the interest in space rockets, jet airplanes, and other forms of new-age, sky-riding transportation. However, those famous cars were designed only to look like the popular space-age vehicles of the time; they still relied on the traditional piston-pumping internal-combustion engine. Several vehicles did include jet technology as a form of propulsion, but only one made it into the hands of consumers: the 1963-64 Chrysler Turbine Car. A turbine engine, similar to those found in jet aircraft, powered the Chrysler Turbine Car. It put out 130 horsepower and 450 pound-feet of torque. It was connected to a modified version of Chrysler’s TorqueFlite 3-speed automatic transmission, though sans a torque converter because the secondary turbine fan … [Read more...] about 1963-64 Chrysler Turbine Car: Real-World Walk-around
Gas turbine engines come in many shapes and sizes. One type discussed in How turbine engines work includes a normal "jet" engine on an airplane. The hot gases produced by the burning fuel drive vanes in exactly the same way that wind turns a windmill. The vanes connect to a shaft that also spins the turbine's compressor. Another type of gas turbine engine, popular in tanks and helicopters, has one set of vanes for driving the compressor, as well as a separate set of vanes that drive the output shaft. In both of these types of engines, you need to get the main shaft spinning to start the engine. This starting process normally uses an electric motor to spin the main turbine shaft. The motor is bolted to the outside of the engine and uses a shaft and gears to connect to the main shaft. The electric motor spins the main shaft until there is enough air blowing through the compressor and the combustion chamber to light the engine. Fuel starts flowing and an igniter similar to a spark plug … [Read more...] about How do they start jet engines on airplanes?
The revolutionary Boeing 367-80 rolled out to an appreciative crowd on May 14, 1954. The 367-80 was used by Boeing as a test aircraft for many years, paving the way for the 707 airliner and the KC-135 tanker. See more pictures of flight. Peter M. Bowers Collection January 10, 1954 A BOAC Comet breaks up in the air near Elba, Italy; 35 people are killed. February 25, 1954 The Convair R3Y-1 Tradewind makes its first flight; engine problems keep it from becoming more successful. February 27, 1954 The Lockheed XF-104 Starfighter makes its first flight. March 1, 1954 The first hydrogen bomb is exploded in the Marshall Islands. April 8, 1954 A BOAC Comet breaks up in the air south of Naples, Italy; an investigation shows fatigue cracks around the windows. June 2, 1954 Soviet MiG-15s attack a Belgian DC-3 carrying a cargo of pigs. June 22, 1954 The Douglas A-4 Skyhawk makes its first flight. Flight Pictures July 15, 1954 The Boeing 367-80, a 707 prototype, makes its first … [Read more...] about Jets and Rocket Flight Timeline
The Boeing 707 is a passenger jet first developed in the 1950s. It was one of the first commercially successful airliners. See more pictures of flight. NASA The end of the Korean War found the world locked in an uneasy peace. The Cold War continually threatened to get hot, particularly when minor or major rebellions against the oppressive Soviet Union took place in East Germany, Hungary, or Czechoslovakia. Flight Pictures One benefactor of the tension was the arms industry, which, among other products, fielded a seemingly endless series of ever more capable warplanes. These included the Century Series fighters, such as Lockheed's F-104 Starfighter, known as the "Missile with a Man in It"; the Republic F-105 Thunderchief; and the McDonnell F-4, which was briefly known as the F-110 in the USAF. Larger aircraft were not neglected; the Boeing B-52 entered service to replace its formidable older brother, the B-47, and the KC-135 filled the indispensable air refueling role. Air … [Read more...] about Jets and Rocket Flight