Outlook data files can get very large over time, especially if you get a lot of attachments. Even if you delete old messages, the size of your Outlook data file is not reduced accordingly. Your Outlook data files ( .pst and .ost files ) include all your emails (in all your folders, including sent emails), contacts, calendar appointments, tasks, and notes, as well as their associated file attachments. As you send and receive more emails and attachments, add more appointments to your calendar, and create more tasks and notes, your Outlook data files can easily grow to several gigabytes in size. Mine is one gigabyte, but that’s still pretty large. RELATED: How to Automatically Empty the Deleted Items Folder When Exiting Outlook Even if you empty the Deleted Items folder, or have it automatically emptied when you exit Outlook , the space occupied in the data file is not released. You can, however, reclaim that space by compacting your Outlook data file. Here’s … [Read more...] about How to Reduce the Size of Your Outlook Data File
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Version 1.0 of the Universal Serial Bus (USB) standard was released in January 1996. 25 years and three attempts later, we’ve gone from USB 1.0’s 12 Mbit/s speeds to USB4’s 40 Gbit/s speeds. Here’s how USB conquered the world. The Problem: Wrestling with Ports and IRQs In the early 1990s, connecting peripherals to PCs was a mess. To use set up any PC, you had to utilize a handful of different types of incompatible ports and connectors. Most commonly, those included a keyboard port, a 9- or 25-pin RS-232 serial port , and a 25-pin parallel port . In addition, PC game controllers used their own 15-pin standard, and mice often plugged into serial ports or proprietary cards. At the same time, peripheral manufacturers began bumping into data rate limits in existing ports used for peripherals on PCs. Demand for telephony, video, and audio applications was growing. Traditionally, vendors had sidestepped these limitations by introducing their own proprietary ports that could be … [Read more...] about 25 Years of Making Connections With USB (After Three Attempts)
Microsoft’s 21H2 update will debut in the second half of 2021. This is a bigger update with more new features and follows the 21H1 update planned for Spring 2021, which is focused on stability and polish. This article is up-to-date with the latest changes as of Windows 10 Insider build 21313 , which was released on February 12, 2020. No Guarantees! As usual, Microsoft offers no guarantee that these features will appear in the final version of 21H2. They’re currently in the development builds of what will become the 21H2 update, but Microsoft may pull these features and spend more time working on them—or never release them. With that in mind, let’s look at what Microsoft is working on. RELATED: What's New in Windows 10's 21H1 Update, Coming Spring 2021 Weather and News on the Taskbar Microsoft is adding a “News and Interests” pane to the taskbar. You’ll see the local weather to the left of your notification area icons on the taskbar. Click it and you’ll … [Read more...] about What’s New in Windows 10’s 21H2 Update, Coming Winter 2021
Have you ever opened social media and realized that a complicated news story happened while you were away? That’s how it feels to be OOTL, or “out of the loop.” Out of the Loop and in the Loop OOTL and ITL stand for “out of the loop” and “in the loop,” respectively. In both of these phrases, “the loop” generally refers to being knowledgeable or aware of a topic, such as recent events. Being OOTL means that you’re ignorant about a particular subject, while being ITL means that you’re knowledgeable and a part of the conversation. Someone who isn’t ITL would therefore be OOTL. The phrases that these two acronyms come from have been in the English lexicon for a very long time and have generally retained a similar meaning. OOTL is similar to other initialisms like LTTP and ELI5, which stand for “late to the party” and “explain like I’m five,” respectively. All of them indicate that you don’t entirely know or understand something and would like it explained. On the other hand, … [Read more...] about What Do “OOTL” and “ITL” Mean, and How Do You Use Them?
When the dominant Linux distributions adopted systemd , dissenters forked distributions and started new projects. So what are your options if you’re looking for a non-systemd distribution? Let’s take a look. systemd: A Quick Recap Historically, the startup sequence in a Linux system was a replica of the initialization system that was introduced with System V Unix (SysV). The SysV init system adhered to the Unix philosophy . When people refer to the Unix philosophy, they usually reduce it to the well-known soundbite “Do one thing, and do it well.” And that thing was to start as the first process and then start other processes. It also culled zombies now and then. SysV init did its job well enough, but it didn’t do it too efficiently. It started processes serially, one after the other. There was no parallelism. The design bottle-necked the throughput. This was more or less masked by the speed gains of modern hardware, and it’s not as if booting a Linux computer took … [Read more...] about The Best Linux Distributions Without systemd